The first grammar difficulty for beginners.

The gender… Do you think that the Spanish grammar gender is difficult to learn? How many times have you had difficulty to guess if a word is masculine or feminine? I understand that it can be a nightmare. However, I am going to offer an easy way to keep under control the rules of the gender in Spanish.

A quick grammar look.

Gender: masculine and feminine nouns.

We are going to look over the main grammar rules about masculine and feminine nouns.

MasculineFeminine
-o, -e-a
el niñola niña
el cocinerola cocinera
el dependientela dependienta
consonante+a
el profesorla profesora
el bailarínla bailarina
-ante-ista-ante-ista
el estudiantela estudiante
el taxistala taxista
otras terminaciones
el actorla actriz
el príncipela princesa
el reyla reina
formas diferentes
el hombrela mujer
el maridola esposa
el padrela madre

 

Casos especiales.

 

MasculineFeminine
el pilotola piloto
el modelola modelo
el pacientela paciente
el jovenla joven

 

Los nombres terminados en -e o en consonante.

 

MasculineFeminine
el restaurantela clase
el cochela noche
el cinela leche
el hotella sal
el lápizla flor
el panla luz
el color
Los días de la semanaLos nombres acabados en -ción, -sión
el lunes / martes / miércoles / jueves / viernes / sábado / domingola canción, la habitación, la televisión
Los nombres compuestosLos nombres acabados en -dad, -tad
el paraguas, el cumpleañosla ciudad, la universidad, la libertad

 

El nombre de los animales.

 

el perro y el gato.

 

MaculineFemeninePicture
el perrola perra
el gatola gata
el cerdola cerda

 

Animal nouns which have a different form for the grammar gender masculine and feminine.

 

MasculinefemininePicture
el torola vaca
el caballola yegua
el gallola gallina

 

Animal nouns which only have a grammar gender: masculine or feminine.

 

Only masculine formOnly feminine form
el cangurola rata
el cocodrilola jirafa
el pingüinola mariposa
el pájarola mosca
el gorilala araña
el chimpancéla ballena
el ratónla serpiente
el pez

 

You can download this lesson about the grammar gender in Spanish (a pdf file). Click here.

A grammar challenge.

After reading our grammar section, we suppose that you are ready to test your grammar gender knowledge in Spanish. Here you are a questionnaire! You must write the gender of the nouns along with the article. There are pictures that will help you.  

 

Do you want to practice online?

Probably, you are a self-student. However, I suggest that you practice in real time by Skype. Have a look at our packages of lessons or you could begin with a free trial lesson.

On one hand, a trial lesson is a good way to know how to learn Spanish: the method, how to book a lesson, how to take advantage of digital tools to study at home, and so on.

On another hand, to buy a package of lessons is a perfect way to save money, organize your study time according to your duties and your daily routine and work out your pace of learning.

Remember that it is easier to get grammar rules when you practice Spanish with your tutor than trying to memorize a lesson by yourself.

 

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El género gramatical en español by Faro de Lenguas is licensed under a Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 4.0 Internacional License.